Born: Norwich, Connecticut
Age in 1775: 34
Profession: Merchant, horse trader, fleet owner
Principal Contribution: Led the 1775 march to Quebec; stopped the British invasion at the 1776 Battle of Valcour Island; played an important role in the American victory at Saratoga in 1777.
Personal characteristics: Energetic, prickly, willful, traitorous.
Quote: 1780 (on his betrayal) “Love to my country actuates my present conduct, however it may appear inconsistent to the world, who very seldom judge right of any man’s actions.”
Later life: Led British troops in raids on Virginia and Groton, Connecticut. Exile in Britain and Canada.